Ansible + ServiceNow Part 1: Opening and Closing Tickets

blog_ansible-and-service-now-1

As a Network Engineer, I hated filling out tickets. Anytime a router would reboot or a power outage took place at a remote site, the resulting ticket generation took up about 50% of my day. If there had been a way to automate ticket creation, I would have saved a lot of time. The only thing unique to provide would have been case-specific comment sections needing additional information about the issue.

While ticket creation was a vital activity, automating this was not an option at the time. This is surprising because my management was always asking me to include more information in my tickets. Tickets were often reviewed months later and sometimes never got created or did not have much relevant information included.

Fast forward to today, companies are now data mining from tickets with a standard set of facts that are pulled directly from the device during ticket creation, such as network platform, software version, uptime, etc.  Network operations (NetOps) teams now use massive amounts of ticket data to make budget decisions.

For example, if there were 400 network outages due to power issues, NetOps could then make a case to spend $40,000 on battery backups, having proved that it would prevent around 400 outages a year. Having access to these metrics is extremely valuable for making informed business decisions.

This first blog in the series covers how Ansible automates change requests from ServiceNow, a popular cloud-based SaaS provider. For convenience, ServiceNow provides developers a test instance to use Ansible Playbooks, which is utilized for this and future blog posts. You can sign up for your own free developers instance at the ServiceNow Developer portal.

Creating a ServiceNow ticket

The Ansible distribution includes the snow_record module that makes it easy to open and close ServiceNow tickets. The pysnow Python library will first need to be installed to use this module.

The next requirement is getting the username, password and instance for authentication to your recently created developer cloud based ServiceNow instance.

NOTE: the instance should look something like this instance: dev99999 not the full URL

instance:_http://dev99999.service-now.com as shown below.

change_request_vars.yml

---
#snow_record variables
 
sn_username: admin
sn_password: my_password
sn_instance: dev99999
 
#data variables
 
sn_severity: 2
sn_priority: 2

The following is the Ansible Playbook to create a ServiceNow ticket:

---
- name: Create ticket with notes
  hosts: localhost
  gather_facts: no
  connection: local

  tasks:
  - name: include vars
    include_vars: change_request_vars.yml

  - name: Create a change request
    snow_record:
      state: present
      table: change_request
      username: "{{ sn_username }}"
      password: "{{ sn_password }}"
      instance: "{{ sn_instance }}"
      data:
        severity: "{{ sn_severity }}"
        priority: "{{ sn_priority }}"
        short_description: "This is a test opened by Ansible"
    register: new_incident

  - debug: 
      var: new_incident.record

Leveraging the ServiceNow API

The table parameter determines what type of ticket will be opened. A great way to determine the other parameters available is to view the JSON dictionary the ServiceNow API sends back after you have created your ticket. I am using register to give a variable name to that dictionary and then using debug to view it in the terminal. The following is just a portion of the full dictionary for the sake of brevity:

blog_leverage-servicenow-api

This is very handy in spelling out the parameters you can add under the data section of your task. If you want to see just one parameter of the dictionary, for example the ticket number, you can simply modify your debug to look like the following:

- debug: var=new_incident.record.number

This variable (var) is defined as pulling from the stored register new_change_request to then show the dictionary named record and the parameter of that dictionary called number.

blog_leverage-servicenow-api-2

You could do the same thing with any parameter of the record dictionary such as close_code, state, comments, and many others.

Validating changes in ServiceNow web portal

Next, log into your developers instance of ServiceNow and view the Change>all section in the left menu bar. You should see your change request in the list.

blog_servicenow-screen

Notice that the short description has been filled out by our Ansible Playbook task: This is a test opened by Ansible as well as the priority 2 – High.

blog_servicenow-screen-2

Closing a ServiceNow ticket

Now that we’ve demonstrated the opening of ServiceNow tickets, we should demonstrate closing or resolving the ticket as well. This is done by specifying the state parameter in another Ansible task. This is where it can get tricky because state is a parameter of the record dictionary as well as a parameter of the snow_record module. Please be mindful of this multi-purpose parameter used in Ansible.

The following is a snippet from the record dictionary when we created our ticket:

blog_closing-servicenow-ticket

Notice the original state was -5. The Ansible task below will change it to -3, which results in a ticket state changing from New to Authorize.

---
  - name: Modify a change request
    snow_record:
      state: present
      table: change_request
      username: "{{ sn_username }}"
      password: "{{ sn_password }}"
      instance: "{{ sn_instance }}"
      number: CHG0030002
      data:
        state: -3
    register: incident

  - debug: 
      var: incident.record.state

In ServiceNow a change_request needs to be walked through a few different states before it can be closed. The numeric values for the different states can be found in the ServiceNow documentation. I recommend you have five separate Ansible tasks that each change the state in this order: -3, -2, -1, 0, 3.Please note that these values are for the ServiceNow Kingston release and that other releases may use different state numbers. Your organization may have other steps required along the way, but hopefully this article was enough to get you started. At this point you’ve learned how to open tickets, and close tickets with specific labels via Ansible Playbooks.

Stay tuned for part 2 – I’ll describe adding a set of parsed facts to your tickets.

More Information

For more information on Red Hat Ansible Network Automation check out the Ansible Networking page.

To join the Network Automation community on GitHub email us with your GitHub ID.

Originally posted on Ansible Blog
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